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The several types of Moroccans

Both “Moroccan” and “people of Morocco” include a vast array of individuals, groups, and civilizations. When it comes to the diversity and depth of its people and their traditions, Morocco stands out as one of the world’s and Africa’s most prosperous nations. There are two major groups of Moroccans: the Berbers and the Arabs.

Both Berber and Arabic have regional variations, with northern, central, and southern populations speaking somewhat distinct varieties. Furthermore, they vary in cultural practices.

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Berbers:

In light of recent advancements in genetics, it is now generally accepted that the Berber people are the indigenous people of Morocco and the rest of North Africa. This group of free and honourable people called themselves the Imazighen.

Scientists have estimated their existence to have begun about the year 10,000 B.C. The Siwa region of Egypt to the Canary Islands in the west make up their vast homeland. This group of Moroccans may be broken down into three distinct subgroups, as was previously indicated.


To begin, there are the Riffians or Rwafa of northern Morocco. The bulk of the population resides in the cities of Al Hociema and Nador, which they consider to be their capitals. When it comes to language, they use a variant of Berber known as Tarifit. Additionally, as a result of their proximity to Spain, the majority of the population is fluent in Spanish. And they often add Tarifit to the mix.


To continue, we have the Assammer Berbers, also known as the Cenetral Imazighen. Many of the tribe names in this group begin with “Ait,” indicating the great diversity among them.

The Ait Atta, Ait Bourk, Ait Chghrouchen, Ait khbbach, and many more are only a few of the numerous such groups. While members of this group tend to congregate in the same general area rather than being spread out across vast distances, there are still subtle linguistic differences amongst them. They have their own unique terms for saying this, but all the other tribes can comprehend them.


At long last, we have something of the like that the Moroccans recognize as a vital part of their country’s economic foundation. One of the largest groups of Moroccans are the Chleuh, also known as the Ishlhien. Tassoussiet is a distinct language spoken by this group. Furthermore, the vast majority of them are based in Agadir and its environs.

Arabs:

Arabs make up a significant portion people of Morocco. To further the Islamic faith after the death of Prophet Muhammed (peace be upon him), they arrived. Jews and newly Christian Berbers shared communal life in medieval Morocco. Most of the Imazighen ultimately converted to Islam and adopted Arabic as their native tongue after years of conflict. Darija, a form of Arabic spoken in Morocco, is now widely spoken.

Many Latin terms are interspersed with Berber ones. Many urban Berbers, particularly, have been Arabized throughout the centuries.


The Arabic spoken in Morocco is unique from that spoken in the North, the Middle East, and the West. To begin, the northern residents of the country speak a unique dialect called Darija Chamalia. Second, a simpler, unnamed form of Darija is used in the heart of the country. In the western part of Morocco, where the climate is milder, locals speak a different language known as Lhssania. Learn more about the origins and development of Moroccan culture and society by reading this article.

A look back at the culture and history of the Moroccan people.

This little incident from the court of an Abbasid caliph in Baghdad is often recounted with great glee by Moroccan historians. Thinking he is being charming to the Caliph, a courtier describes the universe as an enormous bird. Its head is in the east, its wings extend over Yemen and Syria, its heart is in Iraq, and its tail is in the Maghreb region to the west.


A Moroccan at the Caliph’s court then chimes in to affirm the courtier’s assessment, stating, “Yes, the globe does really seem like a peacock.” An ode to the peacock’s delightfully dazzling tail plume. The Caliph complimented his Moroccan host for his wit and national pride, and he grinned at the comment.

This tale serves as evidence. Moroccans have always known deep down that they are part of a unique people, culture, and history that exists outside of Europe. Their nation has people of many different faiths and ethnicities. However, it really is a combination of these factors. Certainly a hybrid synthesized form.

People from Morocco and their fictitious nation

Al-Maghrib Al Aqsa, which means “the Far West,” was its original name. Even in the eyes of strangers, who saw it as a strange and peculiar country full of mystery and intrigue, it reflected that uniqueness and distinctiveness. Myths and stories from all throughout the globe reflect the fascination that the “Far West” of the planet has always had. Atlas, a legendary titan from Greek mythology, is credited with naming these mountains. He was punished by Zeus by having to bear the weight of the heavens on his strong shoulders because of his disobedience.


Hercules created the Strait of Gibraltar by slashing through two mountains near Tangier. This creates an insurmountable barrier between Europe and Africa. And the Atlanteans established their mighty dominion here. Legend has it that it extends from Senegal all the way to the British Isles. The ancient history of Morocco reveals how the country was founded and shaped by the blending of many ethnic groups. Not to mention the fundamental and crucial diversity of cultures, faiths, and influences, of which Islam and Arabity are merely a part.

The Authentic Natives of Morocco

The Berbers are widely acknowledged as the country’s original occupants. A people who settled in North Africa some time after the year 9000 CE, perhaps as a result of migration from the Middle East. One of the defining features of Morocco’s history is the constant influx of people fleeing persecution in the East who eventually settled there. The Mediterranean region provided a second migratory movement in prehistory, which merged with the peoples arriving from the East. Making it so that people in Morocco and the rest of the Maghreb have their own distinct appearances and cultural practices.

The opinions of Ibn Khaldun on the Moroccan people

Ibn Khaldun, in his encyclopedic History of the Berbers, writes that the name “Berber” comes from the difficulty of the languages spoken by people in Morocco and the Maghreb. The numerous invaders had no way of decoding or understanding what was being spoken. The famous historian goes on to say that the Arabic term barbara denotes both unintelligible screams and the roar of a lion. Ibn Khaldun used the Latin term “Barbarus” as the root of the Berber word in his explanation. Definition: not belonging to the Greek language or culture; often used to refer to those who resided outside the Roman Empire.


The origin of the Berber people has long been a pressing and vital matter. Simply put, it was beyond the realm of accepted scientific theory. There has been a disturbing trend of using historical studies to further political agendas and shape an ideological understanding of Morocco’s past and present. As a result, several colonialist writers looked for evidence that the Berbers were descended from Europeans. The use of scientific acrobatics and murky reasoning is used much more often.


It has been argued that the Berbers are descended from Celtic tribes in northern Europe since there are groups of individuals with fair complexion and light eyes living in the mountainous regions of Morocco. The purpose of this interpretation was to foster discord between Arabs and Berbers in order to justify French colonialism by establishing a shared ethnic background with the indigenous people. The colonial era theory that the Berbers were descended from Europeans has been debunked by modern anthropological and archaeological study.

Good day and welcome to the Moors

North Africa’s Berbers started calling themselves “the Libyans” back in antiquity. Within the circles of Greek and Roman historians, this name was concealed. A massive area that roughly corresponds to the modern-day “Grand Maghreb.” The militaristic and aggressive tendencies for which they are known.

Libyans, also known as “the Lebou,” were able to establish a new dynasty of Pharaohs in Egypt under the leadership of King Chéchonq I around 950 BC. The first day of the Berber calendar is today.

However, a more accurate designation for the people of western North Africa came in Greek and Roman writings: the Moors. In spite of the fact that they inhabited a region that roughly overlapped with modern-day Morocco, the history of the several Berber tribes who formerly inhabited this area is mostly unknown since no remains or written documentation have survived.

Moors is a Phoenician name that meaning “Westerners” and was used to differentiate this area of North Africa from others.


The Moors, who lived between the Atlantic and Wadi Moulouya, were traditionally farmers, herders, and nomads. The Phoenicians made contact and established commercial outposts and rest stops throughout Morocco. This allowed the Moorish tribes to establish a centralized government, which eventually evolved into a kingdom beginning in the fourth century B.C.


Administration and diplomacy in the Moorish Empire were conducted in Phoenician, the language of the pharaohs. Although many Berber dialects were used for communication across communities. The decline of Phoenician influence and the rise of Roman supremacy coincided with the destruction of Carthage. The Moorish empire was therefore able to rise from obscurity. In order to extend their territory at the cost of other Berber kingdoms in North Africa, particularly their Numidian neighbors, the Moorish monarchs formed intricate alliances with the Romans.

To the people of Morocco, you are king.

Rather than a structured monarchy, the Moorish realm resembled a loose confederation of tribes commanded by one chief for three centuries under the Bocchus dynasty. Because written documents were so few in Moorish times, little little is known about its origins or its precise size.


The few references it receives in Roman sources make it seem like it was a vast kingdom stretching from northern Morocco to the Atlas Mountains. Additionally, the Moulouya Wadi served as a de facto boundary between the region and the eastern Berber kingdom of Numidia.


The Moorish monarchy was an ally of the Romans during their many campaigns in North Africa. In this way, near the close of the third century BC, king Baga supplied Scipio the African, the famed Roman commander, with fighting contingents to engage in a decisive battle against the formidable Carthage. After the Romans defeated Carthage and destroyed the city, the Mediterranean and North Africa looked quite different. From this triumph, an empire grew.


The expansion of the Bocchus dynasty’s realm was made possible by the Moors’ alliance with the Roman Empire. Also, to expand its influence and power at the expense of its neighbors by encroaching on their area. The Bocchus exploited the opportunity presented by the onset of war between Rome and the Berber state of Numidia to significantly extend the Moorish territory.

The Moors’ decline coincides with the ascension of King Jugartha of the Numidians.

In 109 BC, Rome provided an option for the young Numidian monarch Jugurtha to split his realm among many successors, but Jugurtha flatly rejected the idea. So began a protracted conflict with the Romans. After that, Jugurtha asked his father-in-law and neighbor Bocchus I for assistance. But the Moorish king, concerned about Rome’s catastrophic response and prioritizing his own political interests, chose to do nothing. For the benefit of his opponents, he betrayed his son-in-law Jugurtha.

Bocchus was given much of modern-day Algeria by the Romans, which they had conquered from the Numidians in the west. There was a progressive erasure of the former name of the people and the ruined kingdom of Numidia in favor of the name of the Moors.


However, the Romans would strengthen their grip and eventually exert a great deal of influence over North Africa. Moorish sovereignty ended in 40 CE when Ptolemy, the last king of the Bocchus dynasty, was murdered. It was the end of the Berber kingdoms and the beginning of Roman rule in North Africa.

Traditional customs of the people of Morocco

Little damage has been done to ancient Moroccan culture or politics by foreign invaders. A remote nation, hemmed in by water on three sides and crisscrossed by towering mountain ranges, that had little economic appeal for the world’s superpowers. In order to prevent a return of Berber kingdoms, the Romans, Vandals, and Byzantines occupied Morocco to great effect. However, without leaving a lasting impression on its ethnic makeup or instituting profound changes to its identity and culture.


With the exception of Islam and subsequent waves of Arab immigration, no other factors have contributed to the Berber component’s successful aggregation. Even if it meant establishing the country of Morocco from scratch. Although the Romans occupied Morocco for almost 500 years, their influence on the country and its people was mostly cosmetic.

Their attempts at colonization had relatively little lasting effect. As compared to Algeria and Tunisia, “Tingitane Mauritania” was less Latinized and less permeated by the culture of the empire.


Tingis (Today’s Tangier), Lixus (Today’s Larache), and Volubilis were three of the few places where Roman rule persisted on a very small scale. Large-scale Roman-era monuments are mostly absent from non-European landscapes. Using major thoroughfares as illustrative examples such as aqueducts and bridges. There were two parallel realities here. To begin, there was a Roman culture that existed in a few of garrison towns outside of the capital. Second, a people who have preserved their language and cultural practices.

The decline and fall of the Roman Empire.

Due to the decline of the Roman Empire and the coming of new invaders, traces of the empire’s former glory have faded. Around the year 429, the Vandals, a coalition of Germanic tribes, invaded Morocco in pursuit of plunder. Then they went east to find old Carthage, leaving nothing but rubble. While being in North Africa for almost a century, the Vandals left very few relics in Morocco.

The Roman Empire’s bloodline, the Byzantines, planned to retake the Maghreb in an effort to reclaim their illustrious past. But in Morocco, they have little chance. Due to the fierce opposition of the Berber people, their sphere of power never expanded beyond Tangier and Sebta. New conquerors were free to enter the field. Eastbound travelers. Almost all of them were conquerors who set out to spread their faith over Morocco and the rest of North Africa.

Moroccans and Muslims

Oqba ibn Nafi’i in Part 1

As soon as Mohammed was killed, Muslims began to disperse over the globe. They accomplished spectacular victories with the help of men and weaponry. In only a few short months and with a little force of about 4,000 soldiers. Arab armies were victorious against the Byzantines in Egypt, and the territory of the pharaohs was annexed by the emerging Muslim kingdom as a result.

Things were more problematic in the Maghreb, where the ferocious Berber resistance is still active and dangerous.
In the end, the Muslim army spent almost fifty years of battling, raiding, and negotiating to secure control of North Africa. Give us as much time as we need to unitely conquer Syria, Egypt, Iran, and Spain! Oqba Ibn Nafiî is a metaphor for the difficulty of the mission and the bloody opposition put up by the Berbers.


Caliph Yazid appointed Oqba in 669, and he immediately began a massive general attack in the Maghreb. After the Byzantines were vanquished and Al Kairouan was constructed. From the Tunisian capital, he launched an extended attack through the Maghreb to the westernmost city of Tangier.

Then they crossed into “the nations of the Blacks” from southern Morocco. In accordance with what Muslim historians have recorded. Oqba rode his horse forward into the Atlantic Ocean, which the Arabs refer to as “the sea of darkness.” Then, he swore before God that he would seize the chance to expand his empire over the seas if it presented itself. Traveling to Al Kairouan. Oqba was slain by the Awraba tribe commanded by Kousseila, the Berber leader, near Biskra, Algeria.

Conversation No. 2: Moussa Ibn Noussar

In the wake of Oqba’s demise, Muslim armies renewed their offensives across the Maghreb. As a result, only a small fraction of them made it to Morocco. Byzantine and Berber cooperation provided soldiers with tablature and slowed the spread of Islam throughout North Africa. A Berber lady from the Aurès tribe in Algeria successfully repelled an attack by Muslim soldiers.

The sources agree that it is either Dihiya or Damiya. Kahina, as she is known by Arab history, battled until the end. The progress of Muslim armies. Moussa Ibn Noussar, however, launched a second and ultimately successful attack in 704. Impulsive, skillful in negotiation, and a dogged commander in the military. Moussa Ibn Noussar successfully overran all of Morocco and converted the native Berbers to Islam.


The new religion the Berbers accepted was a unifying force that allowed them to rise beyond their traditional tribal affiliations. More so, to strengthen the bonds between Morocco’s many demographic segments. When Islam began its conquests in the Middle East and North Africa, many Berber Moroccans enlisted in the Muslim army and fought alongside the Muslims with great zeal and enthusiasm. Moussa Ibn Noussar sent Tariq Ibn Ziad to lead the invasion of Spain.

FAQ about people of Morocco:

Where do Moroccans identify themselves?

There are many distinct sorts of individuals living in Morocco. The majority of the population is made up of Berbers and Arabs. It is true, however, that most of the original Berber population became Arabs due to the process of Arabization.

Can you tell me about the natives of Morocco?

Nobody can dispute the fact that the natives of this land are Berbers now that genetic research has proven it.

What do you call a person from Morocco?

Moroccans are the common name for people from Morocco.

What distinguishes Moroccans and their culture from others?

The people of Morocco are renowned for their generous hospitality. You can depend on the people of the nation, and particularly those in the rural areas, to make you feel welcome.